Pelvic floor exercises, also known as Kegel exercises, are a series of movements designed to strengthen the muscles of the pelvic floor. These muscles, located between your hips, support the bladder, bowel, and for women, the uterus. By engaging in pelvic floor exercises, you can enhance these muscles’ strength and functionality, leading to numerous health benefits.

Why You Should Do Pelvic Floor Exercises

1. Prevent and Reduce Incontinence

One of the primary benefits of pelvic floor exercises is the prevention and reduction of urinary incontinence. Strengthening these muscles helps to maintain control over the bladder, reducing the likelihood of leakage, which is particularly beneficial for those who experience stress incontinence (leakage when coughing, sneezing, or lifting).

2. Support During Pregnancy and Postpartum Recovery

For pregnant women, pelvic floor exercises can provide significant support. Strengthened pelvic muscles can better handle the increased pressure during pregnancy and aid in a smoother delivery. Postpartum, these exercises are crucial for recovery, helping to restore muscle tone and function.

3. Enhance Sexual Health

Pelvic floor exercises can improve sexual health for both men and women. For women, these exercises can increase vaginal muscle tone, enhancing sensitivity and potentially leading to more satisfying sexual experiences. For men, strong pelvic floor muscles can improve erectile function and control.

4. Prevent Pelvic Organ Prolapse

Pelvic organ prolapse occurs when the pelvic organs drop from their normal position due to weakened support muscles. Regularly performing pelvic floor exercises can help prevent this condition, which can cause discomfort and complications.

5. Improve Core Stability

A strong pelvic floor contributes to overall core stability, which is essential for balance and proper posture. This stability can also enhance your performance in other physical activities, reducing the risk of injury.

How to Perform Pelvic Floor Exercises

Pelvic floor exercises are simple and can be done almost anywhere, at any time. Here’s a basic guide:

Identify the Right Muscles: The easiest way to locate your pelvic floor muscles is to try to stop your urine flow midstream. The muscles you use for this action are your pelvic floor muscles.

Perfect Your Technique: Once you’ve identified the muscles, empty your bladder and sit or lie down comfortably. Tighten your pelvic floor muscles, hold the contraction for three to five seconds, then relax for three to five seconds. Repeat this cycle 10 times.

Consistency is Key: Aim to perform these exercises at least three times a day. Consistency will help you see improvements over time.

Avoid Common Mistakes: Ensure you are not tightening your stomach, thighs, or buttocks. Focus solely on your pelvic floor muscles. Breathe normally throughout the exercises.


Incorporating pelvic floor exercises into your daily routine can offer numerous health benefits, from preventing incontinence to improving core stability and enhancing sexual health. These simple yet effective exercises can make a significant difference in your overall well-being. Start practicing them today to enjoy a stronger, healthier pelvic floor.

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